Extraterrestrial: The First Sign of Alien Life?

Avi Loeb is not exactly someone who one may call an outsider to the scientific community. As a reputed scholar and the longest serving chair of Harvard’s Department of Astronomy, he is a well-known and reputed physicist, with many years of experience in astrophysics and cosmology. It is therefore somewhat surprising that in this book he strongly supports an hypothesis that is anything but widely accepted in the scientific community: ʻOumuamua, the first interstellar object ever detected in our solar system may be an artifact created by an alien civilization.

We are not talking here about alien conspiracies, UFOs or little green men from Mars. Loeb’s idea, admirably explained, is that there are enough strange things about ʻOumuamua to raise the real possibility that it is not simply a strange rock and that it may be an artificial construct, maybe a lightsail or a beacon.

There are, indeed, several strange things about this object, discovered by a telescope in Hawaii, in October 2017. It was the first object ever discovered near the Sun that did not orbit our star; its luminosity changed radically, by a factor of about 10; it is very bright for its size; and, perhaps more strangely, it exhibited non‑gravitational acceleration as its orbit did not exactly match the orbit of a normal rock with no external forces applied other than the gravity of the Sun.

None of these abnormalities, per se, would be enough to raise eyebrows. But, all combined, they do indeed make for a strange object. And Loeb’s point is, exactly, that the possibility that ‘Oumuamua is an artifact of alien origin should be taken seriously by the scientific community. And yet, he argues, anything that has to do with extraterrestrial life is not considered serious science, leading to a negative bias and to a lack of investment in what should be one of the most important scientific questions: are we alone in the Universe? As such, SETI, the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Life, does not get the recognition and the funding it deserves. Paradoxically, other fields whose theories may never be confirmed by experiment nor have any real impact on us, such as multiverse based explanations of quantum mechanics or string theory, are considered serious fields, attract much more funding, and are more favorably viewed by young researchers.

The book makes for very interesting reading, both for the author’s positions about ‘Oumuamua itself and for his opinions about today’s scientific establishment.